Types of Dwarf Hamster Breeds
Dwarf hamsters were formerly only accessible from professional breeders, but as these little hamster breeds have grown in favor among owners of small pets, some of these dwarf hamster types are turning up more frequently at neighborhood pet stores. Frequently, the pet store could only sell the larger Syrian Hamster.
The Siberian hamsters, which also comprise the Djungarian breed, include the Campbell and Winter White. The Chinese and Robo are thought to be two distinct breeds from the Siberian and each other. Professionals and breeders classify breeds differently, although the terms are frequently used interchangeably. In the end, it won’t really matter to the typical pet owner.
However, if you order a pet from a breeder, always request a photo of the animal. By choosing your new hamster in person at a pet store, you can prevent a mix-up. To adopt an abandoned hamster, you may also visit animal shelters like the Best Friends Animal Society network.
Dwarf Campbell’s Hamster
Compared to Chinese or Robo dwarf hamsters, Campbell’s dwarf hamsters are typically more inquisitive and gregarious. This implies that the members of this dwarf breed are swift and agile and that they spend the most of their time running about or working out on hamster wheels. This makes it a less than ideal choice for young children, especially when combined with its diminutive stature. Additionally, the Campbell’s dwarf has a tendency to snap when irritated or under pressure. A difficult-to-handle hamster wouldn’t be ideal for a young child since it might escape or, more likely, get hurt.
- There are currently more than 40 color options.
- Adults reach a height of 4 inches (10 cm) and can weigh up to 1 and 3/4 ounces (50g)
- Men are a little bit bigger than women.
- In the UK, some genetic lineages have been found to carry the gene for diabetes (3-4 years at most)
Like all dwarf breeds, Campbells can be kept alone, in pairs, or in a small group.
If you choose to keep a group of dwarf Campbell hamsters together in one hamster cage, there are a few things you should know about caring for a dwarf hamster. Small battles can start, despite the larger Syrians not being as territorial. Their fights may not be as serious as they seem because they are loud little fellas. Create a lot of hiding spots and connect the various living chambers with tubes and tunnels that are dwarf-sized. Unwanted children can be prevented via sex separation. Every 18 days, litters of newborn hamsters will be born in mixed-gender communities.
History and Background:
W.C. Campbell made the initial discovery of the Campbell’s hamster (Phodopus Campbell) in Mongolia in 1902. This little hamster found its way into the world of small pets over time. These little rodents were first solely available from breeders, but as the demand for small hamsters rose, neighborhood pet shops began to stock them. The first dwarf breed to be seen in pet stores was the Campbell’s hamster.
Early on, the Campbell’s dwarf could only be found with the traditional gray back, white belly, and distinct black dorsal line coloration. These tiny pets now come in almost as many color varieties as the bigger Syrian hamster variety thanks to breeding initiatives, though. Its huge size and reputation as the friendliest dwarf hamster breed, combined with the variety of colors that are offered, make it the most popular and easily accessible dwarf hamster breed seen at neighborhood pet stores.
Winter White Dwarf Hamster
One of the many dwarf hamster breeds that are suited for little pets is the Winter White hamster (Phodoppus Sungorus). The Western, Siberian, White-colored Russian, and even Furry Footed Hamster are other names for this breed. Originating in the cold, snowy regions of eastern Kazakhstan and southern and western Siberia, Winter Whites are. They were domesticated in the 1970s and are now sold in pet shops, however they are not as widespread as the Syrian or Campbell’s dwarf hamster.
The Winter White hamster has an oval, spherical body that is 3 to 4 inches (8 to 10 cm) long with a short tail. A mature Winter White hamster can weigh between one fifth and two ounces (40-60g). It has larger than the Campbell’s black eyes. In addition, the Wintertime White has smaller ears and thicker fur as compared to the Campbell’s.
Contrary to what the name might imply, this breed comes in colors other than pure white. In the wild, it has a grayish-brown upper portion with a whitish-gray belly that is separated into three different arches along the middle. The fur will get more white during the winter. Modified color variations exist as well, but they don’t change hues the way that natural ones do.
These colors include:
- Sapphire (blue/gray)
- Pearl (white with black speckles)
- Sapphire pearl (white with sapphire speckles)
The Winter White dwarf does not hibernate, despite coming from a region where the winters are short and harsh. However, they will sleep more and get up later in the day. They spend nearly twice as much time inside their hamster houses or burrows as the Campbell dwarf does outside. They live in groups and the males help care for their young because their habitat is social and chilly. For information on how to take care of a hamster, click here.
The Winter White hamster is the breed that is most frequently associated with allergy responses in people.
Russian Dwarf Hamster
The Campbells, Winter White, and Robo or Roborovski kinds of hamsters are collectively referred to as Russian dwarf hamsters. All of them are referred to as “Russian hamsters” because that is where they were initially found. The Campbells were discovered by W. C. Campbell in Northern Russia, China, and Central Asia; the Winter White is from Southwest Siberia and Eastern Kazakhstan; the Robo dwells in the desert regions of Northern China and Mongolia and was found by Lieutenant Roborovsky.
Although the three breeds of Russian dwarf hamsters are closely related, housing mixed genders of various breeds is not recommended to prevent the development of new hybrid species. How healthy or sick the offspring would be is unknown.
Caring for This Breed:
Like all dwarf varieties, Russian hamsters can live in groups or by themselves in individual cages. It’s possible that there wouldn’t be any issues at all, but to be safe and to maintain the purity of the breeding lines, keep each kind of hamster in its own distinct habitat.
These communities often don’t have any issues, but minor fights occasionally do. You should temporarily separate them in these circumstances and only permanently separate them if the fighting is severe and there are obvious symptoms of injuries. Give your Russian dwarf hamsters lots of room to run about and get away from other animals if necessary. A larger habitat with more habitats, hamster tubes, and tunnels will contribute to the community’s happiness and health.
Chinese Dwarf Hamster
The least accessible species of hamster is the Chinese dwarf hamster (Cricetus griseus), which is not frequently available in a neighborhood pet store due to its low popularity. Although it is sometimes called a dwarf hamster, the species is actually more closely related to rats and mice. The Chinese hamster is highly adapted for climbing as it is a native of northern China and Mongolia, which is a rocky and mountainous area. During the summer, these little creatures are known to be active both during the day and at night.
The Chinese dwarf may be easily distinguished from the other hamster species thanks to a few distinguishing characteristics. To begin with, compared to the Campbells, Robo, and Winter White hamster breeds, this one has a longer body form. Adults can reach a height of 4 to 5 inches (10 to 12 cm) and a weight of 1.5 to 1.75 ounces (40-50g). Additionally, it has a tail that is up to an inch longer than that of these other dog breeds.
To give the impression that its body is even longer, the Chinese hamster has small, stubby legs. It has a black stripe, a light bottom, and a gray top. The male species’ enormous genital parts, which are roughly the size of its head, are the most noteworthy characteristic and likely the cause of its unpopularity.
Caring for This Breed:
These can coexist peacefully in a single hamster cage, although a pregnant female Chinese Dwarf may turn hostile toward males. The female can murder the guys if they don’t have a way to escape her anger.
If any of the hamsters have apparent cuts or scratches, you must separate them (check their underbellies)
Males are typically simpler to house with than females. All of the hamsters in the cage should be safe as a result of this. Find out more about caring for hamsters.
Roborovski Robo Dwarf Hamster
The Roborovski dwarf hamster (Phodophus Roborovski) originates from the deserts of west and east Mongolia, China and Russia. It’s a hamster breed that has been sold as pets in pet stores since the 1990s. However, the Robo hamster is less available than the Campbell’s or the Golden Syrian hamster breeds.
- A Roborovski is between 3.5 and 4 inches long when completely mature (9-10cm)
- between.75 and at least 1.5 ounces in weight (25-40g)
- The Robo is less robust than the Campbell’s, and it lacks a dorsal stripe and is brownish yellow in hue.
- This dwarf breed’s average lifespan is three years. If your local shelters take in and adopt unwanted little animals, we highly suggest choosing this choice.
Caring for This Breed:
The Robo can live alone or in groups, like all other varieties of dwarf hamsters. Small conflicts might break out, but only big fights call for separation. The Robo is a small-sized hamster that is swift and challenging to control. Though they could be well-tamed, they are not ideal for very young children. Buying dwarf-sized hamster items is also necessary to prevent harm to the little rodents from challenging-to-use wheels, balls, tubes, and tunnels.
If your pet Roborovski seems to be sleeping more than other hamster species, don’t worry. They are simply known to be the late risers in your pet hamster’s world; this is not a sign that they are ill or even bored. They are most active in the late evening, from 9 to 11 p.m.
What type is your dwarf hamster? Add a comment below to let us know!
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