All About Black Syrian Hamster & 20 Facts

by CareTips Hamster

Learn everything there is to know about Black Syrian Hamsters, including their traits, behaviors, diet, and environment. Continue reading to gain knowledge about these adorable pets.

What is Black Syrian Hamster?

A domestic hamster breed called the Black Syrian Hamster is distinguished by its dark fur. They resemble other breeds of Syrian hamsters in many ways, but what distinguishes them is their distinctively dark coat. Because of their friendliness and relatively simple maintenance needs, these hamsters are well-liked as pets. When given the right care, they can live for up to three years and typically reach a length of about 6-7 inches.

Black Syrian Hamster: Origin and History

The arid areas of Syria are where the Black Syrian Hamster, also called the Golden Hamster, is found. They were first found in the late 1700s, and in the 1930s, they were brought to the United States for scientific study. Because of their amiable nature, simplicity of maintenance, and adorable appearance, these hamsters quickly gained popularity as pets. They are among the hamster species that are kept the most frequently today.

Physical Characteristics of Black Syrian Hamster

The Black Syrian Hamster, also called the Golden Hamster, is a tiny rodent that typically reaches a length of about 6-7 inches. As their name suggests, they have shiny black fur, some of which has a white belly. Their ears are relatively small, and their eyes are large and dark. Their front paws have four toes, while their back paws have five toes.

The stocky black Syrian hamster has a short, furry tail and a strong build. They are well-liked pets because of their outgoing personalities and social skills. Overall, their physical traits set them apart from other hamster species and enable easy identification.


Black syrian hamster

Habitat and Natural Range of Black Syrian Hamster

Small mammal Mesocricetus auratus, known as the black Syrian hamster, is native to the deserts of northern Syria and southern Turkey. Its native habitat consists of rocky terrain, dry, arid climates, and sand-based soils.

Black Syrian hamsters are burrowing animals that build intricate tunnel networks to live in and store food in the wild. They can go for extended periods without water because they are adapted to living in hot, dry climates and can get moisture from their food.

Black Syrian hamsters need habitats as pets that closely resemble their natural habitats, such as sizable cages or enclosures with substrate for digging and hiding, access to fresh water, and a varied diet that includes fresh produce, fruits, and premium commercial hamster food.

Syrian Hamster Behavior and Temperament

Syrian hamsters, also referred to as golden hamsters, are typically lone individuals who can be aggressive. They may engage in nocturnal behaviors like burrowing and running on exercise wheels while being most active at night.

Syrian hamsters’ temperaments can vary, but with the right socialization, they can be hand-tamed. They might, however, also show aggressive tendencies toward other humans or their own same-sex partners. To avoid injuries, it’s crucial to handle and approach them delicately. Overall, giving Syrian hamsters a cozy and enriching environment can support good behavior and wellbeing.

Size of Black Syrian Hamster?

The Golden Hamster, also known as the Black Syrian Hamster, can reach lengths of about 6-7 inches (15–18 centimeters) and weights of about 4-5 ounces (113–142 grams). However, size can vary slightly depending on things like genetics, diet, and living circumstances.

Black Syrian Hamster Care

Due to their adorable and cuddly appearance, black Syrian hamsters, also referred to as teddy bear hamsters, are common pets. The following advice is for taking care of a Black Syrian hamster:

  1. Housing: Hamsters require a lot of room to maneuver. Floor area of at least 360 square inches is advised. Ideal is a wire cage with a solid bottom.
  2. Use bedding made of non-toxic materials, such as paper or aspen shavings. Avoid using pine or cedar shavings because they could harm hamsters.
  3. Food: Give your hamsters a well-balanced diet of premium hamster pellets, fresh produce, and occasionally-given treats like fruit or seeds. Make sure a sipper bottle of fresh water is always accessible.
  4. Outside of their cage, hamsters require daily exercise. Offer a hamster ball or time for supervised play in a secure location.
  5. Grooming: To avoid mats and tangles, Black Syrian hamsters need to have their long hair regularly groomed. Groom your hamster with a soft brush or comb.
  6. Health: Arrange recurring examinations with a small animal veterinarian. Be on the lookout for symptoms of illness like lethargy, appetite loss, or breathing difficulties.

You can keep your Black Syrian hamster healthy, content, and at home by adhering to these care instructions.

Common Health Issues of Black Syrian Hamster

Dental problems, respiratory infections, and wet tail disease are among the common health problems that Black Syrian Hamsters experience. Overgrown teeth can cause dental issues, which can make it difficult to eat and necessitate veterinary help. Poor living conditions, such as inadequate ventilation or high humidity levels, frequently result in respiratory infections. A bacterial infection called wet tail disease can cause fatal dehydration and severe diarrhea. These health problems can be avoided with the help of consistent veterinary examinations, a healthy diet, and good hygiene.

Nutrition and Feeding Requirements for Black Syrian Hamster

Like all hamsters, the Black Syrian hamster needs a balanced diet to stay healthy. A high-quality commercial hamster food should make up the bulk of the diet, with fresh produce added in moderation. Sugary and fatty foods should not be given to pets as they can cause obesity and other health issues. Additionally, hamsters need constant access to fresh water, which should be changed every day.

Additionally, offering your Black Syrian hamster opportunities for physical activity and mental stimulation through the use of toys, tunnels, and exercise wheels can help keep them healthy and content.

Housing and Cage Setup for Black Syrian Hamster

A cage that is at least 80 cm by 50 cm in size should be available for a black Syrian hamster. The cage should be lined with a suitable bedding material, such as aspen shavings or paper-based bedding, and have several levels connected by ramps or ladders.

Give your hamster chew toys and hiding spots, like tubes or boxes, to keep it from getting bored. A running wheel, which should have a diameter of at least 20 cm, is also necessary for exercise.

Make sure the cage is placed in a calm, secure area of your house that is shielded from the sun and wind. To maintain hygiene, daily fresh water and food should be provided, and the cage should be thoroughly cleaned every week.

Overall, a properly constructed, maintained cage with lots of enrichment will ensure that your black Syrian hamster leads a happy, healthy life.

Syrian Hamster breeding and Reproduction

Syrian hamsters are able to reproduce all throughout the year, with males and females reaching sexual maturity at ages of 8 to 12 weeks and 4-6 weeks, respectively. But it’s best to hold off on allowing them to mate until they are at least 3 to 4 months old.

It’s crucial to ensure that the male and female Syrian hamsters are introduced in a neutral area and that they are closely observed during the mating process when breeding them. Due to the risks of pregnancy and birth complications, female hamsters shouldn’t be bred after they are 9–10 months old.

Syrian hamsters have a 16–18 day gestation period, and their litter sizes typically range from 4 to 12. Female hamsters will tend to their young on their own after giving birth, so it’s important to keep your distance during this period. Between 3 and 4 weeks old, young hamsters can be weaned from their mothers, and to avoid unintended breeding, they should be separated by gender.

Overall, to ensure the health and safety of the parents and offspring, proper care and monitoring are crucial when breeding Syrian hamsters.

Grooming and Maintenance for Black Syrian Hamster

A number of crucial procedures are involved in the care and maintenance of Black Syrian Hamsters, which support their general health and wellbeing. Here are a few advices:

  1. Brushing is necessary to keep the long hair on Black Syrian Hamsters from matting and tangling. To groom their fur, use a fine-toothed comb or a brush with soft bristles.
  2. Black Syrian hamsters clean themselves frequently, so they don’t need to be bathed very often. With lukewarm water and a gentle shampoo designed especially for small animals, you can give your hamster a quick bath if it gets muddy. Before putting the hamster back in its cage, make sure to give it a thorough rinse and complete drying.
  3. Nail trimming is necessary because the long, sharp nails of black Syrian hamsters can be uncomfortable and even dangerous. Use small animal nail clippers to regularly trim their nails to maintain a healthy length.
  4. Teeth maintenance: Because Black Syrian Hamsters’ teeth continue to grow throughout their lives, giving them lots of chew toys and crunchy treats can keep them strong and stop overgrowth.
  5. Cleaning the cage on a regular basis will keep your hamster’s living space clean and healthy. Every day, remove any food scraps, waste, and soiled bedding. Every seven days, replace the bedding.

You can help make sure your Black Syrian Hamster stays healthy, cozy, and content by adhering to these grooming and upkeep suggestions.

Black Syrian Hamster Lifespan

A Black Syrian hamster can live up to four years with the right care, but the average lifespan is between two and three.

How many types of Black Syrian Hamster are there?

Black Syrian Hamsters are a single breed of domesticated hamsters distinguished among other things by their black coat color. Golden hamsters and Teddy bear hamsters are other names for Black Syrian hamsters, but they all refer to the same breed of animal.

Black Syrian Hamster as Pets

Due to its adorable appearance and simplicity of maintenance, the Black Syrian hamster, also known as the Golden hamster, is a well-liked pet. They are easy to tame with regular handling and interaction because they are friendly, social animals. Black Syrian Hamsters require an ample amount of space in their cage for exercise, regularly changed bedding, and a diet of hamster food supplemented with fresh produce.

They need yearly or biannual veterinary exams and have a lifespan of two to three years. Overall, for responsible owners who are prepared to give them the proper care and attention, Black Syrian Hamsters can make wonderful pets.

Interactions with Other Pets and Humans

The socialization of animals with other animals and people is referred to as interaction with people and other pets. For pets to exhibit positive behavior, communication abilities, and emotional health, they must be properly socialized. It can lessen fear, anxiety, and aggressive behavior. Playtime, bonding activities, and training sessions are examples of good interactions between pets and people.

Negative interactions, like punishment or neglect, can, however, cause negative behavior and emotional issues in animals. In order to ensure safety and foster a good relationship, it is crucial to monitor and control interactions between pets and people, especially young children.

Training and Handling Techniques for Black Syrian Hamster

Techniques for training and handling black Syrian hamsters include consistency, patience, and rewarding behavior. Small amounts of food can be given to hamsters to tame them while they get used to you and your scent. By holding and petting the hamster gently, you can gradually up the amount of interaction you have with it. Just be careful not to startle or frighten the animal.

It’s crucial to give the hamster a secure and cozy environment that is full of toys and hiding spots. A happy and healthy relationship between you and your hamster can be developed through regular handling and socialization.

Black Syrian Hamster Gender Differences

Black Syrian hamsters differ physically and behaviorally from males and females in a number of ways. Males typically have longer, thicker tails with a pronounced bulge at the base and are larger than females. Additionally, they have visible testicles close to their anus.

Male Black Syrian hamsters have a tendency to be more aggressive and territorial, especially toward other males, whereas females are typically more sociable and can be kept in pairs or groups. Additionally, females go into heat every four days as part of their reproductive cycle, which may cause a brief rise in activity and vocalizations.

In conclusion, it’s critical to comprehend these gender distinctions when selecting and taking care of a Black Syrian hamster as a pet.

Different Varieties and Colors of Black Syrian Hamster

There are numerous varieties and colors of black Syrian hamsters. Typical types include:

  1. Standard Black: With glossy black fur, this shade of black Syrian hamsters is the most prevalent.
  2. Satin Black: Compared to regular black hamsters, these rodents have a slightly longer and glossier coat.
  3. Despite what their name suggests, black-eyed white hamsters have white fur and black eyes.
  4. Dominant Spot Black: The bodies of these hamsters are covered in a black coat with a few white spots.
  5. Black hamsters with white bands around their midsections are known as banded black hamsters.
  6. Albino Black: These hamsters have black fur, but their eyes are pink or red because they lack pigment.

Despite the fact that black is a common color for Syrian hamsters, there are numerous variations within that color family that can give each hamster a distinctive appearance.


Black syrian hamster

Comparison of Black Syrian Hamster with Other Hamster Breeds

Greater in size and friendlier than many other hamster breeds is the Black Syrian Hamster, also called the Golden Hamster. They are distinguished by their distinctive black fur as well. Black Syrian hamsters may be simpler to handle than other breeds like Dwarf or Roborovski hamsters, but they need more room and activity because of their size.

They are also typically less social and solitary, making them more suitable as solitary pets as opposed to social animals. Overall, the selection of a hamster breed is based on personal preferences and the ability of the owner to give it the required care and attention.

How much does a Black Syrian Hamster cost?

The cost of a Black Syrian hamster can differ depending on a number of variables, including the breeder or pet shop, location, and age. At pet stores, they typically cost $10 to $25, though breeders may charge more for particular traits or qualities. It is a good idea to look into local prices before making a purchase.

Where to buy Black Syrian Hamster?

A reputable pet store or hamster breeder are good places to buy a Black Syrian Hamster. They might also be available for purchase on websites with classified ads or online markets. It’s crucial to conduct research and pick a vendor who has a solid reputation and seems to treat their animals humanely. Before bringing your new pet home, make sure you have the necessary supplies and a suitable habitat set up.

Are Black and white Syrian hamsters Rare?

Syrian hamsters that are black and white are not rare. Syrian hamsters can be found in pet shops and from breeders, though all-black or all-white Syrian hamsters are less common than the typical golden-brown color. However, the location and breeder may have an impact on the availability of particular color variations.

Why is my Black Syrian Hamster Squeaking?

There are several reasons why your Black Syrian hamster might be squeaking. One possibility is that it is interacting with nearby animals or other hamsters via communication. Another possibility is that it is in pain or discomfort as a result of an illness or injury.

Hamsters may also squeak if they are thirsty, hungry, or if they want to be noticed. It’s crucial to watch your hamster’s behavior and speak with a vet if you have any concerns about its health or welfare.

How to Tame Black Syrian Hamster?

Start by feeding a black Syrian hamster from your hand to gain its trust. Using calm and gentle movements, gradually extend the time you spend interacting with the hamster. Offer the hamster a treat once it is at ease eating from your hand, and then let it climb up your hand to get it.

Continue doing this every day until the hamster is comfortable around you and can be handled without getting scared or angry. It’s crucial to be persistent and patient when training your hamster.

Why do Black Syrian Hamster Bite Their Cage?

For a variety of reasons, such as boredom, stress, territorial behavior, or a lack of space, black Syrian hamsters may bite their cage. A small cage can cause frustration and aggression in hamsters because they are active animals that need space to explore and exercise.

Regular interaction with their owner, the provision of suitable toys and hiding places in their habitat, and can all help to lessen the likelihood of biting behavior. Along with keeping the cage clean and comfortable, it’s crucial to make sure the hamster’s diet is balanced.

Why is my Black Syrian Hamster Turning Grey?

There could be a number of causes for a Black Syrian Hamster’s graying fur. The hamster may simply be getting older, as most hamsters will experience changes in fur color as they age. Another possibility is that the hamster is ill or under stress, both of which can affect the color of its fur. It’s crucial to keep an eye on your hamster’s behavior and health, and to speak with a veterinarian if you have any worries.


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