Advice on Hamster Food Diet and Treats

by Hamster Care

Given all the food options at your disposal, feeding your hamster should be rather simple. Having said that, not all hamster food is healthy for them. The carefully crafted ingredients in some of your alternatives will give your hamster a well-balanced diet, while the ingredients in others have no nutritional value and are primarily carbohydrates or fats.

Advice on Hamster Food Diet and Treats


You should opt for hamster food that contains 12- 40% protein and 3-6% fat. You should buy hamster chow that contains 18–40% protein and 7-9% fat for pregnant or young hamsters. Pregnant women and newborns require more protein since they need it all to grow. A child hamster grows most rapidly in the first month of life; more protein will be beneficial.

They require a diet rich in carbs in addition to protein and fat. Hamster chow including some essential carbohydrates will provide them the energy to perform their nighttime exercise on the hamster wheel or through their tubes and tunnels because they expend so much energy while they are active. Add greens to the diet in the form of fruits, vegetables, grasses, lettuces, and other veggies.

How is Hamster Food Made?

Before buying any bags of hamster food or seed mix, take into account the following:

  • Get the freshest bag you can find after checking the expiration dates.
  • The majority of feed will expire in three months or less.
  • One to two tablespoons of food are the maximum daily portions for a Syrian hamster.
  • Due to their faster metabolisms, dwarf hamsters will eat the same quantity of food.
  • Moth eggs may hatch inside expired bags of hamster food.
  • To maintain freshness, store the feed in a cool, dry environment.
  • For increased freshness, store it in a refrigerator in an airtight container.

You may be unsure about the precise kind of hamster food to purchase given the range of possibilities and rules you must adhere to. There won’t be just one right response, which is the problem. Although we can suggest a hamster diet that we believe is well-balanced, this does not ensure that it will always be appropriate for your circumstances. You might need to change your diet formula for any obese, elderly, or diabetic hamsters in addition to pregnant and infant hamsters. Older hamsters can be fed what newborns eat, and diabetic hamsters should eat low-sugar diets. Obese hamsters should limit their intake of fat.

Prepackaged Feed

Prepackaged hamster food should account for more than half of the whole diet. There are two main categories to pick from: lab blocks of pellets and seed mixtures. It’s acceptable to use both in your hamster’s diet because variety is the flavor of life. To make sure your little guys and girls are getting all the vitamins and minerals they need to stay healthy, they are a popular form of hamster food.

Depending on the brand, these mixes may also contain dried fruits, vegetables, and other kinds of grains and grasses (such as oats and wheat) in addition to seeds. Your hamsters would likely have a diet that was reasonably balanced if they consumed some of each of these things. Hamsters will, however, pick and choose what they want to consume, much like humans do. Frequently, they will omit consuming the other ingredients in the mixture in favor of the fatty meals, such as sunflower or pumpkin seeds. As a result, they do not consume a balanced diet.

You can separate out the fatty seeds, such pumpkin and sunflower seeds, and only distribute them occasionally. You might think about taking out some of the corn or alfalfa because some hamster owners claim that these can damage the liver or cause cancer, but from what we can see, there isn’t much evidence to support this. You can give your hamster a mineral salts or salt lick. Finally, stay away from combinations that contain a lot of molasses because they are loaded with sugar.


Lab Pellets and Blocks

In the beginning, lab blocks were made as food for research animals in labs. These are now available at pet stores, but the best ones continue to come from manufacturers who still supply labs. Typically, a lab block is made up of a blend of seeds, grains, and vitamins and minerals.

Seed Mixes

If you want to provide your hamster with a wide range of foods to choose from, a bag of mixed seeds is a fantastic option. These would be the only dry food options you could purchase.

Even while you might not think they taste good, your hamsters will probably enjoy them, especially the Syrian types. These pellets and blocks will help your hamster maintain a healthy diet while also wearing down their teeth and preventing them from overgrowing. Last but not least, block and pellets are preferable to the smaller seed mixes while cleaning your hamster cage.


In the wild, hamsters hardly ever drink water; instead, they obtain it from the food they consume (but this does NOT mean you do not need a water bottle). Along with giving your hamsters the water they require, fresh fruits, vegetables, and greens also give them important vitamins and minerals. Having said that, you must be careful how much greens you put to the hamster chow because too much greens can cause diarrhea.

Only give it around one square inch (2.54cm) of greens per day, according to a rough guide. There are some fruits, vegetables, and greens that are generally excellent for hamsters and others that should be avoided. The following list of greens includes both those that are okay and those that should be avoided. If you gather these outdoors, be sure there are no pesticides or other potentially harmful substances on them. Before putting them in the cage for your hamster, always give them a thorough wash.)

Suitable Greens for Eating:

  • Celery
  • Carrots
  • Apples
  • Broccoli
  • plums
  • Figs
  • Peas
  • Strawberries
  • Melons
  • Cauliflower
  • Beets
  • Cut Grapes
  • Plantains
  • Soy Sprouts
  • Pumpkin
  • sweet potato
  • Rose Hips
  • Cucumber
  • Zucchini
  • Dandelions
  • Clover
  • Mint
  • Timothy Hay
  • Herbal Hay
  • Stinging Nettles
  • Chamomile
  • Apple (twigs with no pesticides)
  • Pear (twigs with no pesticides)
  • Hazelnut (twigs without pesticides)
  • Beech (twigs with no pesticides)
  • Bananas
  • Greens to Avoid Feeding
  • Cabbage (causes gas)
  • Onions (causes gas)
  • Leeks (causes gas)
  • Spinach (hard to digest)
  • Sorrel (hard to digest)
  • Rhubarb (hard to digest)
  • Raw Potatoes (hard to digest)
  • Corn (may or may not cause cancer)
  • Alfalfa (may or may not cause cancer)
  • Citrus Fruit (too acidic)
  • Peaches (too acidic)
  • Apricots (too acidic)
  • Nectarines (too acidic)
  • Pineapple (too acidic)
  • Raspberries (too acidic)
  • Twigs from Evergreen Trees (indigestible oils and resins)
  • Horse Chestnuts (hydrocyanic acids)
  • Oak (hydrocyanic acids)
  • Ivy(hydrocyanic acids)
  • Acorns (hydrocyanic acids)
  • House Plants (could be poisonous)
  • Avocados


You must include carbohydrates in your food blend. An energetic hamster needs carbohydrates to stay going. You can add extra carbs of the following types in modest amounts if your lab blocks or seed mixtures don’t have them or don’t have enough. However, if you give your dogs too many carbohydrates, they’ll start to gain weight because they won’t all be utilized up and will instead be stored as fat.

Acceptable Carbohydrate Sources:

  • Cooked Pasta
  • Cooked Rice
  • Sugar Free Cereals
  • Cooked Potatoes
  • Milk
  • Whole Wheat Bread
  • Barely
  • Wheat
  • Oats
  • Nutritional Yeast Tablets
  • Dog Biscuits


Hamsters are primarily herbivores in their natural environment, but they can occasionally snag small insects or grubs if the opportunity presents itself. As a result, you will need to provide your pet some protein-rich food. The prepackaged mixtures often have some protein, so you won’t need to add much extra.

All you need from time to time is a small fingers’ worth. If at all possible, try to keep its protein consumption between 12 and 15%, for the reasons outlined in this article (pregnant and baby hamsters). The list of permissible protein sources is as follows (it’s preferable to purchase any live insects or bugs on this list from a pet store to prevent the spread of disease).

Good Protein Sources:

  • Live Mealworms
  • Insect Larvae
  • Grasshoppers
  • Crickets
  • Hard Boiled or Scramble Eggs
  • Cottage Cheese
  • Small Bits of Chicken
  • Small Bits of Beef
  • Small Bits of Fish


Drinking Water

All the time, hamsters require access to a clean water supply. The best way to accomplish this is by placing a few water bottles around their habitat. If you have several hamsters or a large number of cages, you will need more than one.


Salt Intake

A hamster may be seen licking various salt-containing pebbles or minerals in the wild. To help them retain water and stay healthy, they need salt. Dehydrated fruits can also cause cheek impaction or get trapped in their mouths. They come in a variety of shapes and are occasionally used as playthings added to their accessories.


You probably won’t need to buy supplements to add more vitamins and minerals to your child’s meals or water if you provide him a balanced diet. But if you want to be safe and make sure they are getting all the nutrients they require, you may buy vitamin and mineral supplements; as long as you follow the instructions, it probably won’t hurt them.


A pet owner might occasionally want to reward their hamsters by offering them snacks. Generally speaking, if you provide it a well-balanced meal, it won’t require any treats. It is acceptable to occasionally give your hamster items that are not the healthiest for it nutritionally, though.

If anything, if it really has no nutritional value, a sweet treat might increase their happiness, which would be a side effect that indirectly would improve the child’s health. There are many options available nowadays, and some of them are often healthier than others. Many of them have eye-catching packaging and are high in sugar.

Any delicacy with a lot of sugar should be avoided. Thus, no cookies, cakes, or chocolates are permitted. You are being a good pet hamster owner and giving your hamster the right attention they require if you only reward them sometimes and don’t fall for their tricks that they simply have to have a treat.

Have we missed anything? What did you feed your hamster? Add a comment below to let us know!

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By HamsterCareTip.Com

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